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Natural Gas 101

What is natural gas?

Natural gas is primarily methane—a compound comprised of one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms. Natural gas also contains small amounts of hydrocarbon gas liquids (such as propane and ethane) and non-hydrocarbon gases (such as carbon dioxide). Learn More.

What is liquefied natural gas (LNG)?

LNG is natural gas that has been purified (removing the hydrocarbon liquids and non-hydrocarbon gases) and chilled to -260°F (-162 °C). The resulting liquid is only 1/600 the volume of natural gas, which makes it economically practical to transport LNG over long distances. Learn More.

How did natural gas form?

Millions of years ago, the remains of plants and animals (diatoms) decayed and built up in thick layers, sometimes mixed with sand and silt. Over time, these layers were buried under sand, silt, and rock. Pressure and heat changed some of this organic material into coal, some into petroleum, and some into natural gas. In some places, the natural gas moved into large cracks and spaces between layers of overlying rock. In other places, natural gas occurs in the tiny spaces within some formations of shale, sandstone, and other types of sedimentary rock, where it is referred to as shale gas or tight gas. Natural gas also occurs in coal deposits, which is called coalbed methane. (Source: EIA Natural Gas)

What are the uses of natural gas?

One of the world’s most versatile substances, natural gas is burned to heat homes and run highly-efficient electrical powerplants. It is used as a feedstock in the manufacture of chemicals and fertilizers. And, it can also replace diesel and bunker fuel to power trucks, locomotives, and even the largest seagoing vessels. Natural gas is clean, abundant, and affordable. Learn More.

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If natural gas is so useful, why export it?

America produces more natural gas than we consume. This situation will continue indefinitely. Exporting a fraction of our gas surplus creates hundreds of thousands of U.S. jobs and generates billions of dollars of economic activity. Such exports will increase the energy security of America’s allies and improve human and environmental conditions worldwide. U.S. LNG is especially useful in nations where it can displace coal and/or fuel oil and thereby reduce conventional air pollutants and greenhouse gases.

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U.S. Natural Gas Resources

Who estimates natural gas supplies?

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What is the difference between “resources” and “reserves”?

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What is the current estimate of U.S. natural gas “resources”?

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What is the current estimate of U.S. natural gas “reserves”?

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What is the current estimate of the “future supply of natural gas”?

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U.S. Natural Gas Production and Domestic Consumption

How much natural gas is produced currently?

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How much natural gas might be produced in the future?

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What are the current levels of domestic consumption by sector?

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How much natural gas might be consumed by those sectors in the future?

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How much surplus natural gas will the United States have in the future?

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U.S. Natural Gas Exports

How much natural gas is exported by pipeline currently?

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How much natural gas is exported as LNG currently?

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Which nations are consuming U.S. LNG at present?

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How much natural gas might be exported in the future?

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Will such exports harm U.S. natural gas consumers?

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Global Natural Gas Supply and Demand

How much natural gas is produced and consumed worldwide?

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Which nations produce more natural gas than they consume?

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Which nations consume more natural gas than they produce?

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How is global gas supply and demand expected to change in the future?

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How much global demand could be met by U.S. LNG?

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Which LNG-producing nations are our principal competitors?

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The U.S. LNG Export Industry

How many U.S. LNG export projects are there?

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Which LNG export projects are operating currently?

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Which LNG export projects are under construction?

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Which LNG export projects are authorized but not yet under construction?

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Which LNG export projects are under regulatory review?

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Domestic Economic Benefits of U.S. LNG Exports

How many jobs are created/sustained by the U.S. LNG export industry?

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What are the other economic benefits of U.S. LNG exports?

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Domestic Impacts of U.S. LNG Exports (Negligible!)

Are LNG exports harming industrial or other domestic gas consumers?

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Will LNG exports raise domestic gas prices?

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Will LNG exports exhaust the U.S. natural gas supply?

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Why do the largest industrial energy consumers continue to fight LNG exports?

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Do U.S. LNG export projects harm the environment?

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Global Environmental Benefits of U.S. LNG Exports

Why do we need natural gas in an era of “renewables”?

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Can U.S. LNG exports reduce conventional air pollutants?

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Can U.S. LNG exports reduced carbon dioxide emissions?

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What are the “lifecycle” costs/benefits of U.S. LNG exports?

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Geostrategic Advantages of U.S. LNG Exports

How can U.S. LNG exports improve the energy security of our allies?

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Can U.S. LNG compete with “pipeline” gas?

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What are the other geostrategic advantages of America’s new energy abundance?

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